James M. Hogle
James M. Hogle, Ph.D.
Edward S. Harkness Professor of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Emeritus

Our laboratory uses structural approaches to explore how viruses enter cells and replicate.



Our laboratory uses structural approaches to explore how viruses enter cells and replicate. Current research in the laboratory is focused in two areas: 1) a multiscaled approach to characterizing the cell entry pathway of poliovirus and other simple nonenveloped viruses, 2) structural studies of key proteins in the replication of herpes viruses (in collaboration with Don Coen).


Membrane fusion provides a conceptually simple mechanism for enveloped viruses to deliver their genomes into the cytoplasm of target cells. In contrast, viruses which lack an outer membrane must provide a mechanism that allows a large nucleocapsid, or at the very least the viral genome, to cross a membrane in order to gain access to the interior of the cell. This process remains poorly understood. We are taking a combined structural approach to characterize the cell entry pathway of poliovirus as a simple model for studying nonenveloped virus entry. The combined approach uses cryoelectron microscopy to characterize soluble forms of cell entry intermediates at high resolution, and cryoelectron microscopy and cryoelectron tomography to characterize membrane-associated intermediates at intermediate resolutions, using a receptor-decorated liposome model developed in the lab.  Our cryoEM studies have benefitted greatly from the rapid advances in instrumentation and image processing in the field, and have reached a point were near-atomic resolution of well-behaved samples is becoming routine.   The structures to date have resulted in a number of surprises including the demonstration that viral peptides that are externalized and insert into membranes during infection and the viral genome are released from a site midway between a particle twofold axis and a particle fivefold axis not at the fivefold axis as previous models had proposed, and a clear demonstration that the viral RNA is released across intact membranes through a rather long tube and a pore created by the externalized viral peptides.  We are using the receptor-decorated liposome model to characterize the kinetics of RNA translocation into tethered liposomes on at the single particle level, and a combination of cross-linking and limited proteolysis to characterize the components of the tube and the pore.


Room C-122

250 Longwood Avenue

Boston, MA 02115

Publications View
DNA-Corralled Nanodiscs for the Structural and Functional Characterization of Membrane Proteins and Viral Entry.
Authors: Authors: Zhao Z, Zhang M, Hogle JM, Shih WM, Wagner G, Nasr ML.
J Am Chem Soc
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Getting to and through the inner nuclear membrane during herpesvirus nuclear egress.
Authors: Authors: Lye MF, Wilkie AR, Filman DJ, Hogle JM, Coen DM.
Curr Opin Cell Biol
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A Small Covalent Allosteric Inhibitor of Human Cytomegalovirus DNA Polymerase Subunit Interactions.
Authors: Authors: Chen H, Coseno M, Ficarro SB, Mansueto MS, Komazin-Meredith G, Boissel S, Filman DJ, Marto JA, Hogle JM, Coen DM.
ACS Infect Dis
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Cryo-electron Microscopy Structures of Expanded Poliovirus with VHHs Sample the Conformational Repertoire of the Expanded State.
Authors: Authors: Strauss M, Schotte L, Karunatilaka KS, Filman DJ, Hogle JM.
J Virol
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Picornavirus RNA is protected from cleavage by ribonuclease during virion uncoating and transfer across cellular and model membranes.
Authors: Authors: Groppelli E, Levy HC, Sun E, Strauss M, Nicol C, Gold S, Zhuang X, Tuthill TJ, Hogle JM, Rowlands DJ.
PLoS Pathog
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Covalently circularized nanodiscs for studying membrane proteins and viral entry.
Authors: Authors: Nasr ML, Baptista D, Strauss M, Sun ZJ, Grigoriu S, Huser S, Plückthun A, Hagn F, Walz T, Hogle JM, Wagner G.
Nat Methods
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Five of Five VHHs Neutralizing Poliovirus Bind the Receptor-Binding Site.
Authors: Authors: Strauss M, Schotte L, Thys B, Filman DJ, Hogle JM.
J Virol
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Unexpected features and mechanism of heterodimer formation of a herpesvirus nuclear egress complex.
Authors: Authors: Lye MF, Sharma M, El Omari K, Filman DJ, Schuermann JP, Hogle JM, Coen DM.
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Characterization of Poliovirus Neutralization Escape Mutants of Single-Domain Antibody Fragments (VHHs).
Authors: Authors: Schotte L, Thys B, Strauss M, Filman DJ, Rombaut B, Hogle JM.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother
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Structure of a herpesvirus nuclear egress complex subunit reveals an interaction groove that is essential for viral replication.
Authors: Authors: Leigh KE, Sharma M, Mansueto MS, Boeszoermenyi A, Filman DJ, Hogle JM, Wagner G, Coen DM, Arthanari H.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
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